- VHF Radio Channels & Radio Use
If you carry a VHF radio onboard, (a good idea for all boaters) you should maintain a watch on channel 16 whenever the boat is underway. Commercial vessels and all vessels over 20 meters and those carrying passengers for hire are required to maintain a radio watch. (see the Federal Regs... HERE)
Most radios have a memory scan option where you can add specific channels to the memory and press scan. The radio will quickly switch (scan) through and listen to each channel, pausing only if someone is talking on that channel and then resuming the scan.
VHF Channels & Their Use
01A Port Operations and Commercial. VTS * in selected areas.
05A Port Operations
06 Intership Safety
08 Commercial (Intership only)
09 Boater Calling. Commercial and Non-Commercial.
11 Commercial. VTS in selected areas.
12 Port Operations. VTS in selected areas.
13 Intership Navigation Safety (Bridge-to-bridge).
NOTE: Ships >20m length must maintain a listening watch on Ch 13 in US waters.
14 Port Operations. VTS in selected areas.
15 Environmental (Receive only). Used by Class C EPIRBs.
16 International Distress, Safety and Calling.
Ships required to carry a radio, USCG, and most coast stations maintain
a listening watch on channel 16.
17 State Control
20 Port Operations (duplex)
20A Port Operations
21A U.S. Government only
22A Coast Guard Liaison and Maritime Safety Info Broadcasts.
Note: Broadcasts are announced on channel 16, continued on 22a.
23A U.S. Government only
24 Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)
25 Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)
26 Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)
27 Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)
28 Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)
63A Port Operations and Commercial. VTS in selected areas.
65A Port Operations
66A Port Operations Commercial. Intership only.
68 Non-Commercial-Working Channel
70 Digital Selective Calling (voice communications not allowed)
72 Non-Commercial (Intership only)
73 Port Operations
74 Port Operations
77 Port Operations (Intership only)
81A U.S. Government only - Environmental protection operations.
82A U.S. Government only
83A U.S. Government only
84 Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)
85 Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)
86 Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)
87 Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)
88 Public Correspondence in selected areas only.
88A Commercial, Intership only.* VTS: Vessel Traffic Service is a marine traffic monitoring system established by harbor or port authorities,
similar to air traffic control for aircraft. Typical VTS systems use radar, closed-circuit television (CCTV), VHF
radiotelephony and automatic identification system (AIS) to keep track of vessel movements and provide navigational
safety in a limited geographical area.
How do I make myself understood on the radio ?Occasionally, because of conditions or distance it is difficult to be understood on the radio (or the phone). When that happens you must be able to revert to a common combination of letters and numbers that can be pronounced and understood by anyone, regardless of their native language. These universal "code words" are called the NATO Phonic Alphabet or International Radiotelephony Spelling Alphabet which was developed by 31 nations as the standard for voice communications.You will recognize them instantly.... Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta, Echo.... see below.
NATO Phonic Alphabet
US Army standard
ICAO and ITU Roman standard
Alfa (ICAO, ITU, IMO, FAA) Alpha (ATIS) ALfah AL FAH ALFAH or AL-FAH Bravo BRAH voh BRAH VOH (1955: BRAH VOH) BRAHVOH or BRAH-VO Charlie CHAR lee CHAR LEE or SHAR LEE CHARLEE or CHAR-LEE or SHAR-LEE Delta DELtah DELL TAH DELLTAH or DELL-TAH Echo EKK oh ECK OH ECKOH or ECK-OH Foxtrot FOKS trot FOKS TROT FOKSTROT or FOKS-TROT Golf Golf GOLF GOLF Hotel HO tell HOH TELL HOHTELL or HOH-TELL India IN dee ah INDEE AH INDEE AH or IN-DEE-AH Juliett (ICAO, ITU, IMO, FAA) Juliet (ATIS) JEW lee ett JEW LEE ETT JEWLEE ETT or JEW-LEE-ETT Kilo KEY loh KEY LOH KEYLOH or KEY-LOH Lima LEE mah LEE MAH LEEMAH or LEE-MAH Mike Mike MIKE MIKE November NOH vem ber NO VEM BER NOVEMBER or NO-VEM-BER Oscar OSScar OSS CAH OSSCAH or OSS-CAH Papa PAH pah PAH PAH PAHPAH or PAH-PAH Quebec keh BECK KEH BECK KEHBECK or KEH-BECK Romeo ROW me oh ROW ME OH ROWME OH or ROW-ME-OH Sierra see AIR ah SEE AIR RAH SEEAIRAH or SEE-AIR-AH Tango TANG go TANG GO TANGGO or TANG-GO Uniform YOU nee form YOU NEE FORM or OO NEE FORM YOUNEE FORM or YOU-NEE-FORM or OO-NEE-FORM Victor VIK ter VIK TAH VIKTAH or VIK-TAH Whiskey WISS key WISS KEY WISSKEY or WISS-KEY X-ray or Xray EKS ray ECKS RAY ECKSRAY [sic] or ECKS-RAY Yankee YANG kee YANG KEY YANGKEY [sic] or YANG-KEY Zulu ZOO loo ZOO LOO ZOOLOO or ZOO-LOO
Code word Pronunciation Zero (FAA) Nadazero (ITU, IMO) ZE-RO (ICAO), ZE RO or ZEE-RO (FAA) NAH-DAH-ZAY-ROH (ITU, IMO) One (FAA) Unaone (ITU, IMO) WUN (ICAO, FAA) OO-NAH-WUN (ITU, IMO) Two (FAA) Bissotwo (ITU, IMO) TOO (ICAO, FAA) BEES-SOH-TOO (ITU, IMO) Three (FAA) Terrathree (ITU, IMO) TREE (ICAO, FAA) TAY-RAH-TREE (ITU, IMO) Four (FAA) Kartefour (ITU, IMO) FOW-ER (ICAO), FOW ER (FAA) KAR-TAY-FOWER (ITU, IMO) Five (FAA) Pantafive (ITU, IMO) FIFE(ICAO, FAA) PAN-TAH-FIVE (ITU, IMO) Six (FAA) Soxisix (ITU, IMO) SIX (ICAO, FAA) SOK-SEE-SIX (ITU, IMO) Seven (FAA) Setteseven (ITU, IMO) SEV-EN (ICAO), SEV EN (FAA) SAY-TAY-SEVEN (ITU, IMO) Eight (FAA) Oktoeight (ITU, IMO) AIT (ICAO, FAA) OK-TOH-AIT (ITU, IMO) Niner (FAA) Nine or niner (ICAO) Novenine (ITU, IMO) NIN-ER (ICAO), NIN ER (FAA) NO-VAY-NINER (ITU, IMO) Hundred (ICAO) HUN-dred (ICAO) Thousand (ICAO) TOU-SAND (ICAO)
. (decimal point)
Point (FAA) Decimal (ITU, ICAO) DAY-SEE-MAL (ITU) (ICAO)
. (full stop)
Marine Safety Tip: Sending a VHF Distress Call
You may only have a very short time to send a distress call on the VHF radio. Here is the step by step procedure:
- Turn on and tune your VHF radio to channel 16.
- Say "MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY"
- "This is (name of boat )" Repeat boat name three times.
- Describe your boat, such as, size, rig type, color and tell the number of persons aboard.
- Indicate the nature of distress (sinking, fire, etc.)
- Give position by latitude and longitude or by bearing and distance to a well-known landmark or navigational aid, or in any terms that will assist a responding station in locating the vessel in distress. Include any information, such as, vessel course, speed, and destination.
- Indicate the kind of assistance desired.
- End with "over."
If you do not receive any answer, repeat your call every 2 minutes.Note: If you are NOT in a life-threatening situation but still are in real need of assistance, use the same procedure as above, EXCEPT that in step 2, you replace the word MAYDAY by the the words "Pan Pan" (pronounce PAHNN PAHNN). A Tip: Push the button on the microphone to talk, release to listen! . Capt. Rick Delfosse firstname.lastname@example.org Rick is a Coast Guard captain, the editor of Harbor Talk Weekly, a National Safe Boating Council close-quarters boat-handling and open water boat handling instructor, Connecticut and New York certified safe boating instructor and a US Sailing-certified instructor. He also conducts on-the-water courses and classroom seminars on coastal cruising and boating skills. The owner of a 43-foot pilothouse cutter and an Aquasport powerboat, he has extensive cruising and one-design, coastal and offshore racing experience.
- Emergency Repairs - Completed in Record Time at Norwalk Cove Suppose you are racing around the world in a fleet of custom 75 foot ocean racers in a year-long, 14 leg adventure and during the 11th leg, heading for NY, you hit something...hard..Who you gonna call?.Panicked, the Race management called Norwalk Cove to not only replace the bow section on the boat "City of Seattle" that went missing after a container encounter or such "somewhere between Panama & NYC" but to also create a new rudder for "Qingdao" to replace the one that was torn off after hitting something in NY harbor during a media demo sail (pretty embarrassing, after sailing around the world)..The hitch was that both projects had to be completed during the 12 boat fleet's four day layover in NYC....As "City of Seattle" headed from NYC to Norwalk to be hauled on Thursday afternoon, a dive team removed the damaged rudder from the 2nd boat in NY and drove it to Norwalk. Rob Gardella and his team at Cove tapped on local resources to help, and, armed with CAD drawings of the rudder shaft and internal stainless steel web, located the proper metal at the Copps Island Oyster Company's repair shop. The crew at Cove worked round-the-clock to fabricate and weld the metal parts by Friday afternoon. (Thank you Carlton!!).A fiberglass laminating team from Cooley Marine was available after their shift at a nearby wind turbine blade project and worked from Friday afternoon through late Saturday night at Cove to create the foam core and fiberglass outer shell of the rudder and to re-create the missing bow section of "City of Seattle" to exactly match the original. Meanwhile the crew from "Seattle" was repairing and restocking the boat for the next leg. By late Saturday night everything was completed. The "City of Seattle" launched early Sunday and with the rudder for "Qingdao" loaded on the deck. Upon arrival in Manhattan, the dive crew installed the new rudder on "Qingdao" and both boats were on the starting line Monday morning and leading the pack the first day out on the race's next leg to Ireland. For Info on the Clipper Round the World Race, click... HERE
- Dinghy Poker Run - July 23rd 2016
See Pictures of the 2016 Dinghy Poker Run
on Facebook... HERE.
Pre-Register ASAP for the 5th Annual Dinghy Poker Run and BBQ with Live Music! Come for the Day to Play!
Participants of all ages are encouraged, and Pre-Registration is REQUIRED!!Everyone is welcome... Shore & Country, South Norwalk Boat Club, Norwalk Boat Club, Ischoda Yacht Club... Come on down! Dinghys, Jet Skis or kayaks are allowed (squirt guns and water cannons are encouraged). Join your friends and enjoy a fun day on the water ! There will be 5 card pick-up checkpoints around the harbor. Collect a playing card (in an envelope) at each checkpoint. Bring the envelopes back to the finish and find out what hand you have for a prize ! Registration is between 1:30 and 2:00 and Game time is 2:00 - 4:00 pm, Put away your dinghy & change between 4:00 - 5:30 with card collection at 5:30 followed by a BBQ, Live Music by "The Take" from Westbrook and announcement of the winner & prizes. Entry fee is $5 per ‘hand’ and multiple hands per dinghy are allowed. If you can't participate in the Poker Run, stop by for a burger and the PARTY ! Plan to stay for the day. DINGHY POKER RUN RULES & REGISTRATION INFORMATION Pre-Registration is required ! Please e-mail email@example.com or call 203-838-3681 to pre-register. There is a $ 5 cash entry fee per contestant…and there can be multiple contestants in each dinghy. Entry fee will be collected at registration. Rules: 1. Participants of all ages are encouraged to join in on the fun. Children under the age of 13 must be accompanied by a parent or guardian and wear a PFD. 2. All participants must register on the event day in order to receive their cards at each checkpoint. Registration and the start will be at the Norwalk Cove travel lift pit. 3. Participants must adhere to speed limits and no-wake zones as well as proceed with caution in congested areas and in the channel. NOTE: This is a run…not a race and there is no benefit to finishing ahead of everyone else. Safety First !! 4. Plan on having a full tank - this year's new extended course will be longer! 5. All participating watercraft must have proper safety equipment, (kill switch lanyards are recommended) and must follow all boating safety regulations. 6. It is suggested that all participating watercraft carry a VHF radio and monitor VHF channel 68 (Not required). 7. Water guns are allowed (and encouraged) however, mechanically powered water cannons and water balloons are prohibited during this event. 8. Approach each checkpoint with your watercraft under control. 9. Tie-ups may be required at some destinations so please have 2 dock lines (1 fore and 1 aft) pre-rigged. 10. Maps of the card pick-up locations will be provided upon registration. 11. Participating boats are not to exceed 16’ in length. 12. All boats must start the race together upon starting signal. No departures before assigned start time. 13. Multiple poker run hands are permitted per participant / dinghy 14. Only sealed envelopes containing your cards will be accepted at card submission judging. Do NOT open the envelopes containing your cards. This must be done in the presence of an event judge. 15. Prizes for top three best hands will be awarded based on the “Winning Hand Guidelines” below. Decision of the event official is final. 16. Each participant is required to sign a waiver upon registration in order to participate in the event. Procedure for Obtaining Cards at Checkpoints: At registration, each participant will be given five checkpoint passes, a map and instructions in a zip-lock bag. Please use the markers provided at registration to write your name and phone number on your zip-lock bag. Each checkpoint pass is identified by color. You must go to each checkpoint as indicated on your map and can do so in any random order. For example, if you start at checkpoint red, once there, hand your red checkpoint pass to the official and in return, you will be handed a sealed envelope labeled "red", containing your first poker card. DO NOT OPEN THE ENVELOPE! Place it in the ziplock bag, seal the bag and continue on to your next checkpoint until all checkpoint passes have been exchanged for cards. (5 in total.) If you have more than one registered player in your watercraft, they will need to have their own set of checkpoint passes to redeem for their playing cards. Once completed, put your dinghy/ PWC/ kayak away and return at 5:30 to the landing at Cove between B & C dock to submit your hand(s). Poker Hand Ranking There are 52 cards in the pack, and the ranking of the individual cards, from high to low, is ace, king, queen, jack, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2. There is no ranking between the suits – so for example the king of hearts and the king of spades are equal. A poker hand consists of five cards. The categories of hand, from highest to lowest, are listed below. Any hand in a higher category beats any hand in a lower category (so for example any three of a kind beats any two pairs). Between hands in the same category the rank of the individual cards decides which is better, as described in more detail below. Winning Hand Guidelines Hands are judged according to the following guidelines listed in order from best to worst hand based on 5-Card Stud Regulations. Since it is possible to get a five of a kind, if a five of a kind should occur, it will beat all of the traditional poker hand rankings as outlined below. (Highest five of a kind is top hand.) If a tie occurs with a four of a kind, three of a kind, two pair or one pair, the tie will be broken using the next highest single card held in each hand. Any ties that cannot be broken using cards held will be handled by the team’s choice of either splitting the prize money or breaking the tie using the highest cut of the deck. 1. Royal Flush – This is the highest poker hand. It consists of ace, king, queen, jack, ten, all in the same suit. As all suits are equal, all royal flushes are equal. 2. Straight Flush – Five cards of the same suit in sequence – such as J-10-9-8-7. Between two straight flushes, the one containing the higher top card is higher. An ace can be counted as low, so 5-4-3-2-A is a straight flush, but its top card is the five, not the ace, so it is the lowest type of straight flush. The cards cannot “turn the corner”: 4-3-2-A-K is not valid. 3. Four of a kind – Four cards of the same rank – such as four queens. The fifth card can be anything. Between two fours of a kind, the one with the higher set of four cards is higher – so 3-3-3-3-A is beaten by 4-4-4-4-2. If you need to compare two fours of a kind where the sets of four cards are of the same rank, then the one with the higher fifth card is better. 4. Full House – This consists of three cards of one rank and two cards of another rank – for example three sevens and two tens. When comparing full houses, the rank of the three cards determines which is higher. For example 9-9-9-4-4 beats 8-8-8-A-A. If the threes of a kind were higher, they win. 5. Flush – Five cards of the same suit but not in sequence. When comparing two flushes, the highest card determines which is higher. If the highest cards are equal then the second highest card is compared. If those are equal too, then the third highest card, and so on. For example K-J-9-3-2 beats K-J-7-6-5 because the nine beats the seven. 6. Straight – Five cards of mixed suits in sequence – for example Q-J-10-9-8 (in varying suits). When comparing two sequences, the one with the higher ranking top card is better. Ace can count high or low in a straight, but not both at once, so A-K-Q-J-10 and 5-4-3-2-A are valid straights, but 2-A-K-Q-J is not. 5-4-3-2-A is the lowest kind of straight, the top card being the five. 7. Three of a Kind – Three cards of the same rank plus two other cards. When comparing two threes of a kind the hand in which the three equal cards are of higher rank is better. So for example 5-5-5-3-2 beats 4-4-4-K-Q. If you have to compare two threes of a kind where the sets of three are of equal rank, then the higher of the two remaining cards in each hand are compared, and if those are equal, the lower odd card is compared. 8. Two Pairs – A pair is two cards of equal rank. In a hand with two pairs, the two pairs are of different ranks (otherwise you would have four of a kind), and there is an odd card to make the hand up to five cards. When comparing hands with two pairs, the hand with the highest pair wins, irrespective of the rank of the other cards – so J-J-2-2-4 beats 10-10-9-9-8 because the jacks beat the tens. If the higher pairs are equal, the lower pairs are compared, so that for example 8-8-6-6-3 beats 8-8-5-5-K. Finally, if both pairs are the same, the odd cards are compared, so Q-Q-5-5-8 beats Q-Q-5-5-4. 9. Pair – A hand with two cards of equal rank and three other cards that do not match these or each other. When comparing two such hands, the hand with the higher pair is better – so for example 6-6-4-3-2 beats 5-5-A-K-Q. If the pairs are equal, compare the highest ranking odd cards from each hand; if these are equal compare the second highest odd card, and if these are equal too compare the lowest odd cards. So J-J-A-9-3 beats J-J-A-8-7 because the 9 beats the 8. 10. High Card – Five cards that do not form any of the combinations listed above. When comparing two such hands, the one with the better highest card wins. If the highest cards are equal the second cards are compared; if they are equal too the third cards are compared, and so on. So A-J-9-5-3 beats A-10-9-6-4 because the jack beats the ten. For more information please email firstname.lastname@example.org 203-838-3681
- 2016 Calendar of Fun Things to do Around the Sound It's time to make your summer boating plans - check out our 2016 Calendar of fun things to do around the Sound! We'll be adding to it weekly and ask you to share any additional events you find. See it... HERE E-mail additional events to: email@example.com
- FISHING CONTEST !!
Norwalk Cove Marina & Rex Marine are hosting a "virtual" fishing contest.(Virtual as in "please don't bring fish in to be weighed" !!) The contest is based on the honor system: Catch a fish, ID it, weigh it, take a selfie while measuring and either release (greatly encouraged) or keep for eating. Please include angler name and where it was caught. Weight is important and will be the primary method of judging. The catch must be made in the Sound between Throggs Neck and the Milford - Port Jeff line. The contest began June 5th and will continue through Sept. 30th. Winners will be announced in the Harbor Talk Oct. 6th edition with periodic updates and a photo gallery posted. Note that all State fishing regulations must be followed! (CT regs are... HERE) Please e-mail your pictures and info to firstname.lastname@example.org
PICTURES OF FISH CAUGHT SO FAR....[caption id="attachment_10893" align="alignnone" width="220"] Rob Zahensky 37 lb Sriped Bass - Gr Captains 6-9-16[/caption] [caption id="attachment_10930" align="alignnone" width="185"] Mark Hiller -striped bass july 8 at cove 40lbs 2oz[/caption] [caption id="attachment_10931" align="alignnone" width="185"] Valerie Hiller 25lb striped bass Norwalk June.4[/caption] [caption id="attachment_10934" align="alignnone" width="194"] 478.4 lb Thresher Shark- Captain Rob Zahensky on Gottaway caught it off Montauk (outside contest zone, but HUGE!!) with crew Rob Padula, Mike Bravato, Mike Bravato jr. , Roger Lusardo, and Jake Lusardo (12YO) his first shark trip.[/caption] Todd Suko & Crew with a "Great White Doghead Shark"
- Your Help Is Needed - Fight the EPA's Misguided Push For E-15 Fuel The Environmental Protection Agency opened the public comment period on its proposal to increase biofuels in the 2017 fuel supply, a move that would increase the amount of ethanol in the fuel supply and prompt more pumps selling fuel with 15 percent ethanol, or E15.The EPA's newest proposal increases the need for higher blends of ethanol to record levels in 2017, pushing further past the E10 blend wall, according to critics of the proposal. The blend wall is the term used for the maximum amount of ethanol in fuel that all engines can tolerate - which is E10, or 10 percent ethanol.E-15 WILL DAMAGE YOUR ENGINE & VOID YOUR WARRANTEE"The proposal would increase the amount of E15 that must be sold next year [by at least 700 million gallons], putting countless Americans at risk of misfueling with a prohibited fuel," the National Marine Manufacturers Association said.The EPA has slowed the increase of ethanol in the overall fuel supply in previous years from the requirements set forth in the 2007 Renewable Fuel Standard, but continues to set increases the law requires.PLEASE click on THIS LINK to send a message to your representative.It's easy and will take 2 minutes!
- It may be Spring, but the water is still Cooold !
Some intrepid boaters, the crew teams in their shells and a few kayakers have been on the water already and have realized the water is still VERY cold !
So it’s time to review the basics of boating in the early spring:
- As a rule of thumb, It’s about 10 degrees colder on the water than on land. Wear layers of clothing with a wind breaking shell on top and bring along hats and gloves.
- Make a float plan so someone will know you are going out… and call to tell them that you returned safely.
- Check the weather. Use the links included on our home page to see the current weather in Norwalk from the weather station atop the Cove Administration building and the links for current radar.
- Wear a life jacket. Even if you don’t in the Summer.
- Bring a VHF radio and cell phone. There are far fewer boats out there to rescue you than during the season.
- Double check your boat, your gear, your engine, your safety equipment.
- Do a risk assessment – what could go wrong and what you can do now to prevent it.
- Know the signs, symptoms and prevention of Hypothermia. Sudden immersion in cold water can have severe physiological consequences, including cardiac arrest, quick loss of body heat (since the body loses heat 25 times faster in cold water than in cold air) and involuntary inhalation of water (gasping) that results in drowning. To really understand hypothermia see the website: Cold Water Bootcamp for more information.
- Remember, alcohol can make you loose body heat, defeating the body’s natural heat regulation.
- If you are going to kayak or SUP (stand up paddleboard), wear a wetsuit and a life jacket. A life jacket is required in CT from Oct first through May thirty-first on all manually propelled vessels.
- Why is 89 Octane Fuel Important?
Our friends at ValvTect offer an explanation of how the addition of ethanol undermines octane and fuel efficiency:There are three potential causes for “octane loss” and unfortunately none of them are linear.First: Ethanol separation. In regular E-10 gasoline, ethanol accounts for about 3 octane numbers. Should the gasoline phase separate the gasoline on top of the water/alcohol mix will be about 84 octane. Phase separation is not a linear function. The fuel is either phase separated or it isn’t. As long as there is no phase separation there won’t be any octane loss. That is why ValvTect Marine Gasoline (VMGA) and ValvTect Ethanol Gasoline Additive (VEGA) are formulated to inhibit phase separation.Second: Oxidation. Gasoline is susceptible to oxidation. That is after all why we use it as fuel. In the engine gasoline is rapidly oxidized; it combines with oxygen and is converted to carbon dioxide and water. In the gas tank, on the other hand, this oxidation occurs as well; but very, very slowly and the reaction does not go completely to carbon dioxide and water. In the fuel tank the fuel only partially oxidizes and forms ethers, aldehydes, esters and ketones. Left unchecked these oxidation products proceed to form the gum and lacquers that make a mess of fuel systems. They also don’t burn as efficiently as the initial gasoline and can lead to octane loss. This process is not linear. It is logarithmic. Things go along fine to a point then the oxidation takes off. Think of a hockey stick. Oxidation can be inhibited with antioxidants (stabilizers). Stabilizers are added to the fuel at the refinery to slow oxidation and get the fuel through the system. In typical automotive use the fuel is burned up before oxidation can cause a problem. When fuel sits around for a while additional stabilizers are required. That is why ValvTect Marine Gasoline and ValvTect Ethanol Gasoline Additive have additional antioxidants. ValvTect uses the same antioxidants as used by the major refineries. The additional antioxidant in VMGA and VEGA will keep the fuel fresh, prevent octane loss from oxidation, for at least a year.Third: Volatility. Gasoline is a blend of a number of different hydrocarbon molecules. These molecules contain between 4 and 12 carbon atoms. Some of the octane rating is attributed to the short chain molecules like butane (C-4). The problem with the short chain molecules, is they tend to evaporate in an open, vented, system such as a fuel tank. The evaporation is temperature dependent, much less occurs in the winter and more in the summer. Gasoline volatility might cause about 1 number, maybe 2 numbers in an extreme case, of octane loss. Volatility is very difficult to predict, but provided the other two mechanisms are addressed, volatility has not been a problems in typical winter storage conditions.Regards, Mark HildebrandtValvTect Petroleum Products.
- Manresa Island Power Plant Update From our APRIL FOOL'S 2016 Edition of Harbor Talk: The Manresa Island power plant property quietly went out to bid over the winter with two contenders, Building and Land Technology (BLT - of Stamford boatyard fame) and The Trump Organization, bidding on the removal of the power plant and the development of the island. Trump’s organization won the bid and plans have been released to build two high rise condo towers with a large marina on the back side of the island and to build a public access salt water pools in conjunction with the Maritime Aquarium (which is being forced to vacate due to the WALK railroad bridge rebuild for up to two years). The salt water swimming pools will be seeded with indigenous Long Island Sound fish. Feeding time for the blue fish pool will be every 4 hours with the release of small schools of bunker, streamed online over a Trump Cam app. In a final move to cut it’s losses, the power company has agreed leave the large smokestack standing, especially after the outcry of local boaters who claimed they could not find Norwalk without it. Trump’s designers have leaked plans that detail how the integral LIS salt water park attraction will include the tallest water slide in the world around the perimeter of the stack, with joyful clientele landing in the blue fish lagoon. An additional agreement with a great-great-great granddaughter of the famous Indian translator Cockenoe, (who has located descendants of the original Indian tribe members from the Norwalk Island area) and will sponsor a gambling casino. The tentative name for the new casino is “The Golden Oyster” Additionally, Martin Luther King Drive in Norwalk is to be renamed "Trump Highway" and be lined with hearty northeast coast palm trees. For More Information... Click HERE
- Storm & Hurricane Preparation
. Preparation for a direct hit from a hurricane is different from prepping for a wind/ rain event. Until the storms path is more certain, the prudent mariner will prepare for the worst and hope for the best.Preparing your boat is YOUR responsibility.Consider hauling your boat. It may well be safer ashore. Tie it down. If on a trailer, tie the trailer to a tree or building.Remove all sails (Roller Furling & Mainsail) canvas, covers and biminis. Roll up / remove plastic windows and doors. Put all loose items below so they don't become projectiles.Double your docklines (don't tie to the pilings!!). Consider tying to the dock framing or piling hoops in addition to the cleats. Tie to the boat next door so you can keep both boats off the fingers and split / share the loads. Add serious chafe protection - lines part because of chafe, not loading. Double your fenders and allow for stretch in the lines. Remove important papers and valuables / electronics from the boat. Charge your batteries early and remove your dock cords. Turn boat circuits (other than your bilge pump) off. Close through hulls (not deck drains or bilge pump exits) Get OFF the boat - don't try to be a hero. Be VERY careful walking on bouncing docks. Be ready for the marina to shut off electricity, water and evacuate the docks. Move your car to high ground. Put drain plus back in the hull if you are stored on land or trailer (assuming your cockpit is self bailing). Charge your cellphone and flashlights, have a car charger handy in case power goes out. Imagine a world without the Internet...Prep guide from BoatUSHurricane Prep Worksheethttp://www.boatus.com/hurricanes/hurr_prep_worksheet.pdf Boat Protection for Hurricane Season - VideoWet Berths - Boat Protection https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=ChuEy93I_2IGeneral Hurricane Precautions and PreparationsMore info on preparation from a marine insurance company...By Capt. Rick Delfosse 203-216-7800
Rick is a Coast Guard captain, National Safe Boating Council close-quarters boat-handling and open water boat handling instructor, Connecticut and New York certified safe boating instructor and a US Sailing-certified instructor. He also conducts on-the-water courses and classroom seminars on coastal cruising and boating skills. The owner of a 43-foot pilothouse cutter and an Aquasport powerboat, he has extensive cruising and one-design, coastal and offshore racing experience